[draft] female authority (Biblio)

http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/0313277311/ref=rdr_ext_tmb

Stereotypes of Women in Power: Historical Perspectives and Revisionist Views (Contributions in Women’s Studies)

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Modthryth

La reina Modthryth consigue desestabilizar la hegemonía masculina de poder que se ha instaurado tras la victoria del héroe sobre la última amenaza monstruosa en Heorot. Aparece como un escalofrío en la narrativa, ante la posibilidad que despierta dentro del espacio de poder del hall y con su ejercicio de la autoridad, y cómo se retoman aspectos importantes que han sido usados en el tratamiento hacia los monstruos vencidos y que, en manos de la autoridad femenina, crean una interesante problemática

Su presencia en el poema está marcada, al igual que la Madre de Grendel por la inquietud que causa. Y es que, sin importar cómo es enmarcada por dos figuras femeninas normativas como son Wealhtheow y Hygd, Modthryth consigue ejercer la misma violencia que la Madre de Grendel, aunque sea brevemente, en el poema, y provocar una reacción en el discurso que ha de constreñirla en el pasado y ha de redirigir las ansiedades que se generan ante una autoridad marcada como “injusta”. Su poder violento es real, teniendo a su servicio las espadas de los guerreros, y capaz de dirigir la violencia masculina dentro del espacio social en contra de los propios guerreros.

Es tan peligrosa como la amenaza monstruosa que la Madre de Grendel introdujo en la narrativa y necesita ser solventada por las mismas estrategias con las que se suprimió la anterior amenaza: un héroe mostrando a esta amenaza feminina vencida. Algo que, más que inusitado, es normativamente incorrecto y provoca cierta desazón en el discurso.

A la hora de analizar a esta figura femenina han de tenerse en consideración varios aspectos que la relacionan con las figuras monstruosas, mostrando que esta reina está en una posición tan ambigua como los propios monstruos.

sources on female authority Anglo-Saxon, Beowulf, early Medieval

some references and sources for FEMALE AUTHORITY in Anglo-Saxon (Beowulf) context or early Medieval. Not much seems to appear around, this is just a google scholar search that I will need to redefine more.

 

Female power in Viking Age Iceland: http://www.medievalists.net/2016/01/28/pulling-the-strings-the-influential-power-of-women-in-viking-age-iceland/

 

Bloomfield, Josephine. “Diminished by kindness: Frederick Klaeber’s rewriting of Wealhtheow.” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology (1994): 183-203.

Breen, Nathan. “The King’s Closest Counselor: The Legal Basis of Wealhtheow’s Comments to Hrothgar, Beowulf 1169–87.” The Heroic Age 14 (2010).

Cruz, Sara. “Monstrous Mothers and Objectified Daughters.” Afternoons of Alterity: 81.

Davidson, Mary Catherine. “Speaking of Nostalgia in Beowulf*.” Modern Philology 103.2 (2005): 143-155.

Earl, James W. “Beowulf and the Origins of Civilization.” Speaking Two Languages: Traditional Disciplines and Contemporary Theory in Medieval Studies (1991): 65-89.

Horner, Shari. The Discourse of Enclosure: Representing Women in Old English Literature. SUNY Press, 2001.

Kliman, Bernice W. “Women in Early English Literature,“Beowulf” to the “Ancrene Wisse”.” Nottingham Medieval Studies 21.1 (1977): 32-49.

Klinck, Anne L. “Female characterisation in old english poetry and the growth of psychological realism: Genesis B and Christ I.” Neophilologus 63.4 (1979): 597-610.

Porter, Dorothy Carr. “The Social Centrality of Women in Beowulf: A New Context.” The Heroic Age 5 (2001).

Procházková, Petra. “Female Characters in Beowulf.” (2007).

Ross, Margaret Clunies. “Concubinage in Anglo-Saxon England.” Past and Present (1985): 3-34.

Sarmiento, Catori. “Reevaluating the Role of Women in< em> Beowulf</em>.”Student Pulse 4.09 (2012).

Troy, Jessica E. Gender Roles in Beowulf: An Investigation of Male-Male and Male-Female Interactions. Diss. Youngstown State University, 2010.

Underdown, David E., and Anthony John Fletcher. The taming of the scold: the enforcement of patriarchal authority in early modern England. Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Klein, Stacy S. Ruling Women: Queenship and Gender in Anglo-Saxon Literature

female authority in OE

books to explore the conditions and lengths of female authority (I am looking for authority in the context of the hall to see if a princess–unmarried female figure from royal blood line?–could have real authority and impart ‘justice’ over afronts received from any warrior (Modthrytho’s part in Beowulf)

 

on Modthryth’s name: Fulk, Robert D. “The Name of Offa’s Queen: Beowulf 1931–2.” Anglia-Zeitschrift für englische Philologie 122.4 (2005): 614-639.

female autorhity, queenship:

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Barking-Abbey-Medieval-Literary-Culture/dp/1903153433/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1408616395&sr=8-1&keywords=female+authority+old+english

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Medieval-Women-History-England-450-1500/dp/1842126210/ref=pd_sim_b_3?ie=UTF8&refRID=1P394AEB8CH6T4ZZ1QMD

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Medieval-Queenship-Illustrated-History-Paperbacks/dp/0750918314/ref=pd_sim_b_1?ie=UTF8&refRID=1P394AEB8CH6T4ZZ1QMD

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Queens-Queenship-Medieval-Europe-Proceedings/dp/0851158811/ref=sr_1_8?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1408616579&sr=1-8&keywords=medieval+queens

Women in Old Norse Literature: Bodies, Words, and Power (The New Middle Ages) Hardcover – 18 Mar 2013 by Jóhanna Katrín Friðriksdóttir (Author) http://www.amazon.co.uk/Women-Old-Norse-Literature-Bodies/dp/0230120423/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1408616840&sr=8-1&keywords=princess+in+old+norse

 

check:

Nitida saga (role of maiden, dislikes being stared at, uses male power to reject unwanted suitors) check Larrington, Carolyne, “What Does Woman Want? ‘Maer and múnr in Skírnismál,” Alvissmál 1 (1992): 3-16. [ http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/alvismal/1maer.pdf , viewed 6-Sept-2014]

Wahlgren, Erik. The maiden king in Iceland. Diss. University of Chicago, 1938. [ http://storage.lib.uchicago.edu/pres/2007/pres2007-0107.pdf , viewed 6 sept-2014 ]

 

Bergen, Kristina. Cold counsels and hot tempers: the development of the Germanic Amazon in Old Norse literature. Diss. University of Saskatchewan, 2006. [ http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/s4/f2/dsk3/SSU/TC-SSU-11302006113214.pdf , viewed 6-sept 2014]

 

check

A Germanic Concept of Nobility in the Gifts of Men and Beowulf

Geoffrey R. Russom
Speculum
Vol. 53, No. 1 (Jan., 1978), pp. 1-15
Published by: Medieval Academy of America
Article Stable URL:http://www.jstor.org/stable/2855603
 
Check