sources on female authority Anglo-Saxon, Beowulf, early Medieval

some references and sources for FEMALE AUTHORITY in Anglo-Saxon (Beowulf) context or early Medieval. Not much seems to appear around, this is just a google scholar search that I will need to redefine more.


Female power in Viking Age Iceland:


Bloomfield, Josephine. “Diminished by kindness: Frederick Klaeber’s rewriting of Wealhtheow.” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology (1994): 183-203.

Breen, Nathan. “The King’s Closest Counselor: The Legal Basis of Wealhtheow’s Comments to Hrothgar, Beowulf 1169–87.” The Heroic Age 14 (2010).

Cruz, Sara. “Monstrous Mothers and Objectified Daughters.” Afternoons of Alterity: 81.

Davidson, Mary Catherine. “Speaking of Nostalgia in Beowulf*.” Modern Philology 103.2 (2005): 143-155.

Earl, James W. “Beowulf and the Origins of Civilization.” Speaking Two Languages: Traditional Disciplines and Contemporary Theory in Medieval Studies (1991): 65-89.

Horner, Shari. The Discourse of Enclosure: Representing Women in Old English Literature. SUNY Press, 2001.

Kliman, Bernice W. “Women in Early English Literature,“Beowulf” to the “Ancrene Wisse”.” Nottingham Medieval Studies 21.1 (1977): 32-49.

Klinck, Anne L. “Female characterisation in old english poetry and the growth of psychological realism: Genesis B and Christ I.” Neophilologus 63.4 (1979): 597-610.

Porter, Dorothy Carr. “The Social Centrality of Women in Beowulf: A New Context.” The Heroic Age 5 (2001).

Procházková, Petra. “Female Characters in Beowulf.” (2007).

Ross, Margaret Clunies. “Concubinage in Anglo-Saxon England.” Past and Present (1985): 3-34.

Sarmiento, Catori. “Reevaluating the Role of Women in< em> Beowulf</em>.”Student Pulse 4.09 (2012).

Troy, Jessica E. Gender Roles in Beowulf: An Investigation of Male-Male and Male-Female Interactions. Diss. Youngstown State University, 2010.

Underdown, David E., and Anthony John Fletcher. The taming of the scold: the enforcement of patriarchal authority in early modern England. Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Klein, Stacy S. Ruling Women: Queenship and Gender in Anglo-Saxon Literature


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