medieval body


female authority in OE

books to explore the conditions and lengths of female authority (I am looking for authority in the context of the hall to see if a princess–unmarried female figure from royal blood line?–could have real authority and impart ‘justice’ over afronts received from any warrior (Modthrytho’s part in Beowulf)


on Modthryth’s name: Fulk, Robert D. “The Name of Offa’s Queen: Beowulf 1931–2.” Anglia-Zeitschrift für englische Philologie 122.4 (2005): 614-639.

female autorhity, queenship:

Women in Old Norse Literature: Bodies, Words, and Power (The New Middle Ages) Hardcover – 18 Mar 2013 by Jóhanna Katrín Friðriksdóttir (Author)



Nitida saga (role of maiden, dislikes being stared at, uses male power to reject unwanted suitors) check Larrington, Carolyne, “What Does Woman Want? ‘Maer and múnr in Skírnismál,” Alvissmál 1 (1992): 3-16. [ , viewed 6-Sept-2014]

Wahlgren, Erik. The maiden king in Iceland. Diss. University of Chicago, 1938. [ , viewed 6 sept-2014 ]


Bergen, Kristina. Cold counsels and hot tempers: the development of the Germanic Amazon in Old Norse literature. Diss. University of Saskatchewan, 2006. [ , viewed 6-sept 2014]



A Germanic Concept of Nobility in the Gifts of Men and Beowulf

Geoffrey R. Russom
Vol. 53, No. 1 (Jan., 1978), pp. 1-15
Published by: Medieval Academy of America
Article Stable URL:

References for “Gaze” August2014

These are some of the references I’ll have to work with for my next project dealing with Modthryth and the female presence as a figure of resistance inside the community in Beowulf. It will deal with the gaze although I’m not soo sure if it’ll be better for me to steer away from the Lacanian theory, as it seems Mulvey had a different perspective and it was influenced by Foucault (need to check again Foucault’s). So far these are some of the references I’ve found when working with the article: 

“Women Refusing the Gaze: Theorizing Thryth’s “Unqueenly Custom” in Beowulf and The Bride’s Revenge in Quentin Tarantino’s Kill Bill, Volume I” by Jessica Hope Jordan